Lighthouse Lindesnes fyr – at the southernmost point in Norway

All real Norway holidaymakers want to go to the North Cape. Very few people know that the South Cape in Norway also has its own special charm. We are here and we have found that this place is in no way inferior to the North Cape: At Lindesnes Fyr on the South Cape of Norway, the southernmost point of Norway.

The lighthouse Lindesnes fyr is probably the southernmost Norwegian lighthouse on the mainland . Illustrations on many calendars have made him a little celebrity, and so not only is Highway 44 one of Norway’s most beautiful holiday routes, the Lindesnes lighthouse is also one of those places where you can only fall in love.

On the southern Skogfjordvejen, a well-developed road, we turn south at Vigeland on road 460. The descent is hard to miss, the red and white lighthouse stands in the middle of the roundabout in Vigeland, albeit as a model of the southern original. From here the next 28 kilometers are mainly along the nearby North Sea coast, past many a small fishing village that tempts you to stop. You have to make a decision if you want to go to other destinations in Norway as we are planning to do.

The lighthouse Lindesnes fyr, which attracts crowds of tourists in the high season, is a fixed feature. Around 100,000 people are expected again this year. We are outside of the hustle and bustle here and as soon as we arrive we are quietly enchanted by this lively and original landscape, the rough coast formed by wind and waves and of course the red and white lighthouse Lindesnes fyr. So here is the southern cape of Norway.

Souvenir, souvenir, souvenir and a café in the rock hall

A small machine house and the apartments of the lighthouse keepers should of course not be missing. Once again, the art of architecture in Norway becomes visible, which repeatedly combines rugged nature, tradition and modernity in an impressive way. In this case in the rock hall with its south-facing glass facade, actually built into the rock in the north.

As early as 2004, the area was converted into the Lindesnes Lighthouse Museum, after all, the first one was built here Norway’s beacon, but more on that later.

This place has everything that can be associated with a lighthouse – exhibitions in the individual buildings, a museum shop, a small café and of course a tour of the lighthouse with a magnificent view.

There are actually two beacons here, because the predecessor from 1822, which served here until 1915, is in the immediate vicinity. Then it was replaced by today’s lighthouse Lindesnes fyr.

The whole story of Lindesnes fyr lighthouse

As early as the Middle Ages, merchant ships used the numerous natural harbors along the Norwegian coast. The sea can get extremely rough in this area and has been one of the most important sea routes in Northern Europe ever since. At the connection between Skagerak and the North Sea, ships keep sinking because they run onto the many small rocks. The area around Lindesnes is notorious among seafarers both as a dangerous sea area and as a protective headland.

The first Norwegian beacon in Lindesnes

At that time parts of Norway were under Danish influence. And so it was the Danish King Fredrik III who allowed a beacon on Lindesnes on July 18, 1655. The operation was financed from the port tax between Bohuslän in Sweden and Bergen in Norway. It was supposed to go into operation the following autumn, so four ships were sent out to bring building materials and coal. But the journeys took a disproportionately long time and so it was initially decided on a temporary solution.

A wooden tower with three levels was built, lead glass was placed in the walls and 30 candles were lit. But the light was too weak to be seen at all when visibility was poor. So they relied on the originally planned coal fire, but even this light could not be seen far enough. The first beacon on Lindesnes had thus failed and its termination was sealed after just one year of operation.

The second beacon on Lindesnes

69 years and many shipwrecks later, the second beacon was started on February 1st, 1725. This time it consisted of two coal fires, the second was placed further west, in Makoy. Confusion with the beacon in Skagen, Denmark, was ruled out. The two beacons, however, used up huge amounts of coal because they each consisted of open fire pots that were installed on the rocks.

Das dritte Leuchtfeuer auf Lindesnes

Der Betrieb der beiden nahe zueinander liegenden Leuchtfeuer in Lindesnes und Makoy war irgendwann nicht mehr zeitgemäß, die Seefahrer hatten auf ihren Fahrten von Weiterentwicklungen berichtet und so baute man in Lindesnes ein neues und modernes Leuchtfeuer. Ab 1822 kamen die Kohlefeuer nun in geschlossene Systeme, was deutlich an Brennstoff einsparte. Dazu baute man feste Fundamente mit geschlossenen Laternen und Rauchabzügen, um die Klarheit des Lichtscheines zu verbessern.

Im Jahr 1844 wurde das Leuchtfeuer Lindesnes fyr in Makoy abgerissen und in die Verglasung des Leuchtfeuers Lindesnes setze man nun erstmalig eine Projektionslinse ein, die das Licht bündeln und weiter auf die See hinaus tragen würde. Alsbald setzte man ab 1854 nun auf eine mit Paraffin befeuerte Lampe und konnte fortan auf den Kohlebetrieb verzichten. Immerhin hatte man die Kohle aufwendig von England her geschifft.

Das heutige Leuchtfeuer Lindesnes fyr

Der heute vorzufindende Leuchtturm Lindesnes fyr ging im Jahr 1915 in Betrieb. Zunächst hatte man parallel den gußeisernen Turm gebaut und dann die bisher genutzte Linse aus dem alten Feuer ausgebaut und hier integriert. Nur fünf Jahre später kam das Maschinenhaus hinzu, ebenso ergänzte man das Leuchtfeuer um ein Nebelhorn.

Bis ins Jahr 2003 gab es Leuchtturmwärter auf dem Lindesnes fyr, dann wurde der Betrieb im Leuchtturm Lindesnes fyr automatisiert. Doch bereits 1992 gründete man eine Stiftung, um Lindesnes fyr auch der Nachwelt zu erhalten und für Besucher zu öffnen.

Seit dem Jahr 2004 ist der Leuchtturm Lindesnes fyr mit seinem ebenso erhaltenen Vorgänger aus dem Jahr 1882 das erste Leuchtturm-Museum und zugleich die nationale Hauptstelle für das nationale Leuchtturm-Museum.

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